China’s tech companies attracted a record high US$56.1 billion in disclosed investments in 2016, up from US$45.1 billion last year, according to the Tech in Asia Database.
Despite the blockbuster year, 2016 saw a rollercoaster in tech funding as early hubris was soon chastened by a dramatic slowdown.
The precipitous drop in the latter half of the year takes China back to 2014 levels of investments.
It’s certainly not for a lack of cash. Indeed, quite the reverse is occurring: venture capital funds in China have more than doubled to 1,216 at the end of October, up from 552 at the beginning of 2015, according to data from the Asset Management Association of China (AMAC).
“We are concerned about the consequence of massive flooding of capital from some institutions, including local government-backed policy guidance funds and fund-of-funds,” said Jia Hongbo, general secretary at AMAC, a self-regulatory body supervised by China’s securities regulator, speaking at an industry event earlier this month.
Series A and B rounds exploded.
In this topsy-turvy situation, the risk is that new and inexperienced VCs are putting cash willy-nilly into newly formed startups, while top-notch VCs keep their wallets in their pockets, balking at sky-high valuations for more established startups.
One major impact of the cash flood in the nation is that “second-tier fund managers are able to raise funds – and these managers fund lower quality startups,” explained William Bao Bean, partner at Shanghai-based SOSV, to Tech in Asia a few weeks back. “While they might have a lesser product, these tier-two startups’ ability to burn cash make it harder for tier one players to shine. Bottom line: you have inexperienced fund managers backing companies that don’t deserve it, and as a result, the entire market suffers.”
Dial ‘M’ for monetization
That dire prophecy hasn’t yet come to pass in the midst of 2016’s sudden slowdown. Seed funding was down – just under half of 2015’s tally – while series A and B rounds exploded.
Gargantuan rounds for Alibaba spin-off Ant Financial in April and Uber’s China division in January warped the series B figure, collectively accounting for US$6.5 billion of the US$16.7 billion sum.
As we saw last year, late-stage funding – particularly series E and F – is declining rapidly, showing that investors expect mature startups to be self-sufficient with – gasp! – actual profits and/or heading towards an IPO.
China’s finance-related startups stormed the stage this year, taking away more money than ecommerce firms for the first time ever. Ride-hailing and logistics startups took the most VC cash, hogging US$16 billion of the annual total.
Thanks to Queena Wadyanti for help with the data.
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